What are angels?
An angel is a pure spirit created by God. The Old Testament
theology included the belief in angels: the name applied to certain spiritual beings or intelligences of heavenly residence,
employed by God as the ministers of His will.
The English word "angel" comes from the Greek angelos, which means 'messenger'.
In the Old Testament, with two exceptions, the Hebrew word for "angel" is malak, also meaning 'messenger'. The prophet Malachi
took his name from this word. He was himself a messenger, and he prophesied about the coming of "the messenger of the covenant",
Jesus Christ (Malachi 3:1).
Although the word "angel" in the Bible, meaning a messenger, nearly always applies to heavenly
beings, it can occasionally apply to human messengers. Malachi himself said a priest was a messenger (malak) of the LORD of
hosts (Malachi 2:7), and in the Book of Revelation the elders of the seven churches of Asia were called angels (1:20; 2:1
etc.). But when we meet messengers doing supernatural things, there is no doubt they are heavenly beings - God's messengers,
working for Him and for the ultimate benefit of mankind.
How do we know angels exist?
The Scriptures give us no indication of the precise time of the creation
of angels; their existence is assumed at the earliest times. Our Lord often spoke of angels; in the New Testament they are
numerous and seven orders are mentioned: Angels, Powers, Principalities, Dominions (ations), Thrones and Archangels the Old
Testament specifically mentions two others Seraph (im) and Cherub(im). God bestowed upon angels great wisdom, freedom, and
power, and their many appearances in the New Testament are indication of the lead role assigned to them. Both the New Testament
and Old Testament refer also to the fallen angels. The Temptation of Adam and Eve presupposes the existence of bad spirits
or demons who were cast into hell from which they have no hope of redemption. Angels are purely spiritual or bodiless persons
(Mt 11:30), some of whom behold the face of God and thus are in bliss (Mt 18:10). These spiritual beings comprise the celestial
court and are called angels (from the Greek for "messenger") because, according to the Bible, they carry out missions at God's
command. In order to complete these missions, they can at times assume bodily form. According to the Bible, their missions
are sometimes of great importance - eg, the Annunciation (Lk 1:26; 2:9-14). Like us , the angels are the objects of God's
grace and love. But because, unlike us they are non-bodily creatures, their response to God's love did not require time and
reflection to grow and mature. As soon as they were created and received grace, they had the opportunity to respond to God's
love and thus be welcomed into bliss. While many did so, some did not. Perhaps the most significant continuing activity of
the good angels is to be the agents of God's particular providence for mankind. Thus, the Church teaches that everyone has
a guardian angel, based on references to them throughout the Bible.
Why did God create angels?
The Creator Himself is so powerful and glorious that He cannot be
approached in person by human beings. He alone "hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto: whom
no man hath seen, nor can see (1 Timothy 6:16). Angels do not have man's shortcomings, and can therefore act for God and represent
Him when communicating with men and women. They bridge the huge gap between the holiness and perfection of God in heaven and
the shortcomings of dying people on this planet. Angels were made immortal (that is, never to die). Their eternal quality
was spoken of by Jesus when he said:
"They which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection
from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels;
and are the children of God. being the children of the resurrection." (Luke 20:35.36)
Jesus was saying that, in the same
way as the angels (the children or "sons" of God) live for ever and are of one gender, so those who will be called the "sons"
and "daughters" of God when Jesus returns will also live for ever and will not marry.
Who are our guardian angels?
No evil shall befall you, nor shall affliction come near your
tent, for to His Angels God has given command about you, that they guard you in all your ways. Upon their hands they will
bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone.
Psalm 91: 10-12 A heavenly spirit assigned by God to watch over each
of us during our lives. The doctrine of angels is part of the Church's tradition. The role of the guardian angel is both to
guide us to good thoughts, works and words, and to preserve us from evil. Since the 17th century the Church has celebrated
a feast honoring them in October throughout the Universal Church. Since the last calendar revision this feast is Oct 2.
has charged His angels with the ministry of watching and safeguarding every one of His creatures that behold not His face.
Kingdoms have their angels assigned to them, and men have their angels; these latter it is to whom religion designates the
Holy Guardian Angels. Our Lord says in the Gospel, "Beware lest ye scandalize any of these little ones, for their angels in
heaven see the face of My Father." The existence of Guardian Angels, is, hence a dogma of the Christian faith: this being
so, what ought not our respect be for that sure and holy intelligence that is ever present at our side; and how great our
solicitude be, lest, by any act of ours, we offend those eyes which are ever bent upon us in all our ways!
The Fallen Angels (Demons)
These beings, because of pride, did not return God's love. God did
not destroy them, but permits them a limited scope of activity. Their condition is permanent for no creature can turn away
from the perfect good of the beatific vision once he has come to enjoy it, and no additional reflection could change the mind
of a purely spiritual being who has turned away.
Demons are fallen angels under the command of Satan, those who are
still free after the Gen. 6 affair. Satan is called the Prince, or Ruler, of all demons in Matthew 9:34; 12:24; Mark 3:22;
Luke 11:15. Demons are also called the ministers, or ambassadors of Satan, Luke 4:35; 9:1,42; John 10:21. Satan is brilliant,
an administrative genius. He has an excellent organization, mentioned in Eph. 6:10-12 (READ) The Bible also makes a distinction
between demon possession and demon influence.
Saint Michael, the Archangel
Saint Gabriel, the Archangel